People often stumble (have trouble) over questions in English, but the rule is quite simple: you need to use an auxiliary in the first instance, (do/does) followed by the subject of the question, (you, she, they, etc.) and then the verb you want to use in its infinitive (unconjugated) form. You don’t need to conjugate the verb because the auxiliary (do/does) is already conjugated.
Do this anytime you want to ask a question in English, except when using certain modal verbs (can, could, may, might, must, will, would) and be. This means that we use an auxiliary for most questions asked in English!
Are you ready for some examples?
Do you like hot chocolate in winter?
Does your sister train everyday?
Do you buy your shoes at the mall?
Do these come in my size?
Does Fred know we start at 10am?
Do we have to wear these stupid hats?
Do they know we’re coming?
Does Karina have the file with her?
These are the simplest questions you could ask, and they generally require only a one work answer: yes or no.
If you’d like to add a question word or phrase (who, what, when, where, how much, what time, etc.) you put it in front of the auxiliary (do/does). Eg.: Where do you buy your clothes? But more on that next week!
Do you have any questions? Leave them in the comments if you do!
Might reflects possibility. We use this modal if we are unsure that something will or will not happen.
For example, if you’re unsure of your plans for the evening, you could say: I might go out, but I’m not sure.
If you’re unsure if you’d like to go out, you could also say: I might not go tonight, we’ll see.
Whether you use the affirmative or negative form is really up to you and how you want to spin your sentence. Do you want to emphasize that you might NOT do something (you’re leaning towards no)? Or that you might do something (you’re leaning towards yes)?
Give it a try, and don’t forget, if you have questions, give us a shout!
Have to is also a modal verb, though unlike the others, we must conjugate it in whatever tense you intend to use.
It indicates an obligation to do something, if used in the affirmative. So:
Amber has to play the guitar every day. = Amber must play the guitar every day.
However, in the negative, it indicates a lack of obligation:
Amber doesn’t have to do the laundry at home, her mom takes care of it. = Amber doesn’t need to do the laundry.
This rule is opposed to « must » which, in the negative, indicates that something is not allowed. For example, if someone says, « You mustn’t run by the poolside. » This means that you’re not allowed to run by the poolside.
Have you got any questions? Leave them in the comments and we’ll get back to you!
As you may have noticed, there are many ways to compare things in English. So here’s just one more!
Using the « as…as » formula is very useful when you want to compare two things that have the same quality. Often, children compare their heights in this way. They might stand on a chair and say to their mom or dad: « I’m as tall as you! » Or they might compare themselves to their peers: « Jenny’s not as tall as me. »
There’s also a film from the late 90’s with Jack Nicholson: As Good as It Gets.
Here are a few more examples:
My husband doesn’t like his job as much as I like mine.
Our games aren’t as good as our friends’ games.
My cats are as big as my dog.
The day is as beautiful as it was yesterday.
You are as beautiful as the first day I met you.
It’s not as hot as yesterday.
Got any examples of your own? Leave them in the comments!